## COMMUNITY-BASED INTERVENTIONS IN REDUCING ALCOHOL ABUSE IN KAPSABET WARD, NANDI COUNTY, KENYA

##### Abstract

There are many i cases i of i domestic i and i other i forms i of i violence i attributed i to i alcohol i and i drugs
i in i Nandi i County i but i most i are i not i documented. i The i purpose i of i the i study i was i to i assess i the
i effect i of i community i intervention i methods i in i reducing i alcohol i abuse i in i Kapsabet i ward, i Nandi
i County. i The i study i evaluated i the i effect i of i community-advocacy i campaigns, i peaceful
i demonstrations, i and i family-based i interventions i against i alcohol i abuse i in i Kapsabet i Ward i –
i Nandi i County. i This i study i used i quantitative i exploratory i descriptive i research i design. i The
i target i population i of i the i study i was i 35,962 i that i comprised i 185 i Community i leaders, i 214
i religious i leaders, i 289 i socio-economic i group i leaders, i and i 35,274 i community i members. i The
i sample i size i of i 380 i respondents i was i established i using i Krejcie i & i Morgan i (1970) i methodology.
i Proportionate i stratified i random i sampling i was i used i and i further i convenience i sampling i was
i used i to i identify i specific i respondents i for i interviews. i This i study i used i questionnaires i and i key i -
i informant i interviews i to i collect i primary i data. i The i study i applied i descriptive i statistics i that
i included i mean, i frequencies i and i percentages i generated i using i SPSS i software i and i excel
i programs. i Qualitative i data i was i analyzed i thematically. i Presentation i of i findings i was i done
i using i bie-charts, i tables i and i figures. i The i findings i showed i that i the i community-advocacy
i campaigns i has i a i positive i and i statistically i significant i (r=0.868; i p<0.05) i effect i on i reducing
i alcohol i abuse i among i the i community i members i in i Kapsabet i ward, i the i effect i of i peaceful
i demonstrations i has i a i positive i and i statistically i significant i (r=0.810; i p<0.05) i effect i on i reducing
i alcohol i abuse i and i deaths i among i members i of i the i community, i the i effect i of i religion i as i an
i intervention i against i alcohol i abuse i has i a i positive i and i statistically i significant i (r=0.853; i p<0.05)
i i effect i on i reducing i alcohol i abuse i and i deaths i among i members i of i the i community i and i family-
i based i intervention i has i a i positive i and i statistically i significant i (r=0.817; i p<0.05 i effect i on
i reducing i alcohol i abuse i in i the i community. i This i implies i that i family- i based i intervention
i contribute i greatly i to i the i extent i to i which i alcohol i consumption i can i be i reduced. i In i conclusion
i the i policies i regarding i local i brewing i are i disregarded i by i many i brewers i because i they i continue
i brewing i changaa i and i busaa i every i day. i There i are i low i anti-alcohol i campaigns i done i on i peaceful
i demonstrations i against i alcohol i abuse. i Religious i leaders i are i close i mentors i to i many i people i in
i the i society i and i therefore i it i is i their i duty i to i criticize i and i condemn i the i use i of i alcohol i and i drug
i substance. i Further i parents i are i always i number i one i role i models i to i their i children i and i therefore
i their i championing i in i demonstration i ns i against i alcohol i abuse i will i leave i their i children i and
i youths i living i the i same i lifestyle. i The i study i recommends i that i the i county i government i should
i put i more i pressure i on i follow-ups i against i law i breakers i who i continue i to i brew i busaa i and
i changaa. i The i county i government i should i introduce i regular i anti-alcohol i campaigns i done i by
i various i organizations i against i excessive i use i of i alcohol. i Religious i leaders i should i lead i by
i example i and i live i a i Christian i life i because i many i young i and i old i people i in i the i society i use i them
i as i the i role i models. i And i finally i parents i are i recommended i to i share i more i insights i on i the i use i of
i alcohol i with i their i children. i They i should i be i open i to i communicate i with i children i and i clarify
i expectations i regarding i alcohol i use i at i the i family i set i up.